Who needs what to qualify for the last 16 ?

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The top two teams in each group and the four best third-placed finishers will enter the UEFA EURO 2016 knockout phase but what happens if nations are level on points – and what will sides need as they go into their final matches?

PERMUTATIONS

Group A
  • France are through as group winners and will play a third-placed team in Lyon on Sunday at 15:00CET.
  • Switzerland are into the last 16 as runners-up and will play the Group C runners-up in St-Etienne on Saturday at 15:00CET.
  • Albania finished the group stage with three points and must wait to see if they advance as one of the four best third-placed sides. They would either play the Group B winners in Paris on Saturday at 18:00CET or the Group C winners on Sunday at 18:00CET in Lille.
  • Romania are out.

Group B
Monday 21:00CET: Russia (1) v Wales (3), Slovakia (3) v England (4)

  • England will qualify with a point and will top the group for certain with victory.
  • Wales will qualify with a win, and a draw will be enough if England do not lose; in the case of an English defeat and a Welsh draw, Wales would be third behind England on head-to-head record and would hope their four points would suffice to be one of the four best third-placed teams.
  • Slovakia will qualify with a win and will finish second with a draw if Russia prevail. However, Slovakia would definitely be eliminated in fourth spot if they lose and Russia win.
  • Russia require a victory to have any chance of progress. They can come second if they win and England lose, in which case the two teams would be split on overall goal difference or overall goals scored (or, if still equal, the disciplinary rankings after the third set of matches; or, after that, the coefficient rankings in which England would have the advantage).

Group C
Tuesday 18:00CET: Ukraine (0) v Poland (4), Northern Ireland (3) v Germany (4)

  • Germany will qualify with a draw, which would be enough for them to top the group if Poland do not win.
  • Poland will qualify with a draw or regardless of their result if Northern Ireland lose. If Poland end up level with Germany, the two sides will be separated by overall goal difference, then overall goals scored, then disciplinary rankings, then coefficient rankings (which would favour Germany).
  • Northern Ireland go through with a victory and will finish third if they draw or lose.
  • Ukraine are eliminated in fourth place as even if they come level with Northern Ireland on points, they lost the direct encounter.

Group D
Tuesday 21:00CET: Czech Republic (1) v Turkey (0), Croatia (4) v Spain (6, qualified)

  • Spain are through and will win the group with a draw, meaning a last-16 game on Saturday in Lens against a third-placed team. The Group D runners-up play Italy at the Stade de France on 27 June.
  • Croatia will qualify with a point and top the group with a win. Croatia will only miss out on the top two if they lose, the Czech Republic win and overtake them on goal difference/goals scored/disciplinary (if those are all equal, Croatia have a superior coefficient).
  • Czech Republic must win and either overhaul Croatia for second place or finish as one of the best four third-placed sides, though mathematically that could be achieved with a draw.
  • Turkey require a victory on matchday three to have a chance of being one of the four best third-placed teams.

Group E
Wednesday 21:00CET: Italy (6, qualified) v Republic of Ireland (1), Sweden (1) v Belgium (3)

  • Italy are through as Group E winners and will face the Group D runners-up at 18:00CET on 27 June at Stade de France.
  • Belgium will clinch second spot with a draw and would take on the Group F winners in Toulouse on Sunday. They can only be denied a top-three berth if they lose and Ireland beat Italy.
  • Sweden will secure at least third place with a win. If both Sweden and Ireland win, they will be split by goal difference, then goals scored, then disciplinary ranking and then coefficient (which favours Sweden). Sweden are out if they don’t win unless they draw and go through as one of the best third-placed teams, which remains mathematically possible.
  • Ireland must win to have any possibility of progress as if they draw they cannot finish as one of the best third-placed sides. They can only come second if Sweden also win and Ireland pip them on goal difference, goals scored or disciplinary ranking.

Group F
Wednesday 18.00CET: Iceland (2) v Austria (1), Hungary (4) v Portugal (2)

  • Hungary will top the group with a victory and will also qualify with a draw; in that case they could only be deprived of first position if Iceland win and overtake them on overall goal difference, then goals scored, then disciplinary, then coefficient. The only situation in which they could finish third is if they lose and Iceland win,
  • Portugal will qualify with a win and could only miss out on first place if Iceland win and eclipse them on overall goal difference, then goals scored, then disciplinary (Portugal have a superior coefficient). A draw would only leave Portugal second if the other game is drawn and they are ahead of Iceland on goals scored, or then disciplinary, or then coefficient, where Portugal are superior. Portugal may still hope to proceed as one of the best third-placed sides with defeat if Iceland do not win. However, Portugal would need to finish ahead of the other team on two points on goal difference, goals scored, disciplinary; they are ahead of all on coefficient.
  • Iceland would qualify with a victory. They could even top the group if the other match is drawn or Portugal win. In those two scenarios, they would be split with the other team on five points (Hungary or Portugal) on goal difference, then goals scored, then disciplinary; Hungary are ahead on coefficient. A draw would leave Iceland second if Hungary win or if the other game is drawn; in the second scenario, Portugal and Iceland would be separated on goals scored, disciplinary (Portugal have a superior coefficient); even then Iceland could progress as a best third-placed side. If Iceland lose, they still have a mathematical chance of advancing as a third-place team but only if they finish above Portugal on goal difference, goals scored or disciplinary.
  • Austria will be second with a win unless Portugal also prevail, in which case Austria would end up behind Hungary on head-to-head and would hope to go through as one of the four best third-placed sides. A draw is not good enough for Austria due to their goal difference

TIE BREAKERS

  • Splitting teams equal on points in group

If two or more teams in the same group are equal on points upon completion of the final tournament group matches, the following criteria are applied, in the order given, to determine the rankings:

a. higher number of points obtained in the matches played among the teams in question (i.e. head-to-head record);
b. superior goal difference resulting from the matches played among the teams in question;
c. higher number of goals scored in the matches played among the teams in question;
d. if, after having applied criteria a) to c), teams still have an equal ranking, criteria a) to c) are reapplied exclusively to the matches between the teams in question to determine their final rankings.

If this procedure does not lead to a decision, criteria e) to h) apply;

e. superior goal difference in all group matches;
f. higher number of goals scored in all group matches;
g. disciplinary record in the final tournament (fewest points in the disciplinary points ranking);
h. position in the UEFA national team coefficient rankings.

Should more than two teams have the same number of points, the criteria listed above apply.

  • Best third-placed teams

The four best third-placed teams are determined according to the following criteria applied, in the order given, to the final tournament group matches:
a. higher number of points obtained;
b. superior goal difference;
c. higher number of goals scored;
d. disciplinary record in the final tournament (fewest points in the disciplinary points ranking);
e. position in the UEFA national team coefficient rankings.

From : UEFA.com

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